Contributions of postmodernism to the Social Sciences.

These are methodologically, theoretically and institutionally broad and diverse in their character. They aim at understanding and analyzing society (Good, 2006.584). the broad ambitions of social sciences lead to the need to cover a wide ground and this range from economy, law, politics, religion, beliefs and language and how they are manifested in day to day lives of people, both mentally and socially.

In this paper, I bring the argument that postmodernism has a great effect on social sciences. This sometimes has benefits sometimes neutral or even nefarious. I will look at theoretical discussions, practical implications and their examples. I first look at the contributions to social science by postmodernism, criticisms, and later on the conclusion.

Don't use plagiarized sources. Get Your Custom Essay on
Contributions of postmodernism to the Social Sciences.
Just from $9/Page
Order Essay

Various strands of postmodernism try to assume that the purpose of the social science is to put ideas in practice, ask new questions, shape policies and move towards more knowledge of ignorance (Weick, 2003:467). It can also be seen as opposing the enlightenment idea. Planned intervention got from scientific know-how can improve social life.

Contributions by postmodernism to social science.

Some of the examples are lack of encouragement of planning in public administration, inspiring protection of less enlightened culture (Rosenau, 1991: back page).

The implications of social sciences are;

  • Methodological pluralism.

Pluralism gives chance to unreconciled views to exist together, enrich and exchange each other.

It has been accepted that within social sciences one can deviate from the normal way of things happening. As the substitutes of the scientific method, affirmatives kook into personal experience, feelings, empathy, intuition, imagination, subjective judgment and various forms of play and creativity (Todorov, 1984).


This realized that there was no method right to do science. However, Richard Rorty looked at this more deeply and opposed the belief that knowledge reflects the world. Anti-foundationalism rejects other ideas in favour of other ideas of knowledge. Rorty argues that we should use our concepts as instruments to reach our goals and not hooking onto the world the way it is (

1.3Preoccupation with the reflexivity

Self-reflexivity would lead to consciousness of the process of the creation of knowledge. There is awareness of data collection and limitation of the methodological systems. The idea underlies postmodernist affinity to study anthropology (Ryan, 1996:995).

1.4Language and rhetoric

Rhetoric is the study as well as the use of spoken, visual and written language.

It suggests that language is dialogic, constitutive, connected to mental activity and is integrated with cultural, economic and social activities. Postmodernism is characterized by a lot of attention to language as well as rhetoric.

The writers are said to have unnecessarily convoluted styles that are inaccessible. A rhetoric example is an artificial eloquence as opposed to rigorous, serious, and scientific discourse. The art of presenting ideas that act with symbols as well as the construction of definition in the open text as no intention to impose hegemonic view (Rosenau,1991: xiv)

1.5 Standpoint theory.

It enables one to understand that standpoints or views may differ in situations of the same persons.

It identifies the benefits obtained from cross-fertilization in any point of divergent view. It accepts that women are sometimes in better positions to get knowledge due to where they are placed in the society. Other theorists identify it as greater knowledge form that is linked to the oppressed category, marginal or subordinated (Beart,2006:171).

  • Social constructivism

It believes that knowledge is not obtained through our thoughts or senses. It is built from these and also other inputs. It can also be explained that knowledge is adapted to organize our experiences other than using it to look at external reality.

It is criticized though that not all models are good in doing their specific tasks.

  • Actor-network theory(Latour, 1993)

Latour tries to do away with the shortfalls of the modernism as well as postmodernism.

Modernism believes that nature was not man-made and therefore was observed, while society was made by people. Postmodernism separated language and middle ground from nature and society by saying its autonomous. Latour shows that the separation is artificial. This is because technological reality is real like nature and society (Latour, 1991. p6).

  • The technology that is socially constructed

This looks at how artifacts are interpreted and given meaning. That is, how they are constructed and then they become actors(Jamison, 2006).

  • Socialmateriality

This brings up the idea of combining social and material so as to challenge the parting of work technology and organization. Research shows that work, technology and organization are supposed to be separate while social and technical should not be separated (Orlikowski, 2008:1).

  1. Discussion

Social science requires to be simplified in modern times (Rosenau, 1991:136).In this paper, we have dwelt much on the contributions of postmodernism. There are however criticisms that need to be looked at.

Postmodernism having its ancestry in humanities, its application in social sciences is based on assumptions that little difference is found (Rosenau, 1991:167).  In humanities, speculations are interesting but in social sciences, more analytical and grounding conclusions on evidence are necessary.

Opposers of postmodernism doubt the fact that one could use knowledge like power (

Social science rejects Kuhnian science model as successive paradigms and calls the end of paradigms. However, half of life if the paradigms appear shorter as the affairs of humans become complex.

Critics say that postmodernism removes differences between the truth and false and this paves way for nihilism. Since there is no truth or false, all the beliefs are said to be equal (Scholes 1989:56). It has made an undeniable impact on social sciences b marking a shift from narratives of truth, the predictability that defines modernist agenda 9Chia, 2003:130).




Postmodernists ask for the interdisciplinary work. They do it themselves and do not learn about other subjects.

It is not enough to only reject the criteria for question judging but one should also provide alternatives.

They also mock inconsistency of modernism and they are also not consistent.

  1. Conclusion.

It cannot be denied that postmodernism has a great impact on the social sciences. this impact has however been polarizing. It pleases, frightens and leaves some people not touched. The impact and benefits depend on the way one defines it as well as the perspective of the person benefiting. There is a slight predisposition on this camp. This makes me conclude that postmodernism should not be understood as a nihilistic or cynical tendency in thoughts but should be taken as a complex and subtle attempt at working on the metaphysical base of the knowledge obtained in the modern world (Chia, 2003;114).



Audi, R. 2008. The Cambridge Dictionary of Philosophy. Paw Prints.

Alvesson, M. 1995. The Meaning and Meaninglessness of Postmodernism:

Some Ironic Remarks. Organization Studies, 16(6): 1047–1075.

Bishop, Ryan (1996) Postmodernism. In David Levinson and Melvin Ember (eds.), Encyclopedia of Cultural Anthropology. New York: Henry Holt and Company.

Bloor, M. 2011. Addressing social problems through qualitative research. In Silverman, D. Qualitative Research: 399-415. CA: SAGE.

Chia, R. 2003.Organization theory as a postmodern science.InIn Tsoukas, H., &Knudsen.The Oxford Handbook of Organization Theory: Meta-Theoretical Perspectives: 113-140.Oxford: Oxford University Press.


Eichmann, K. 2008. The Network Collective: Rise and Fall of a Scientific Paradigm. Springer.

Epstein, B. 2010. Pourquoi le poststructuralisme est une impasse pour le féminisme.

(T. Discepolo & G. Le Beuze, Eds.)revue Agone. Histoire, Politique & Sociologie, (43): 85–105.

Flick, U. 2009.An Introduction to qualitative research. London [etc.]: SAGE.

Is Sociology in Danger of Being Seduced by Economics? Theory and Society, 16(3): 317–336.

Good, D. 2006. Social Sciences. Turner, B. S. (Ed.). The Cambridge Dictionary of Sociology: 584. Cam


Hirsch, P., Michaels, S., & Friedman, R. 1987. “Dirty Hands” versus “Clean Models”:


Huw Richards. 2004, October 15. Has postmodernism killed social science? 2. Times Higher Education., December 23, 2012.

McCloskey, D. N. 1983. The Rhetoric of Economics.Journal of Economic Literature, 21(2): 481–517.

Orlikowski, Wanda J. and Scott, Susan V. (2008) Sociomateriality:

challenging the separation of technology, work and organization. The Academy of Management annals, 2 (1). pp. 433-474. ISSN 1941-6520


Rosenau, P. 1991. Post-Modernism and the Social Sciences. Princeton University Press.

Seale, C. 1999. Quality in qualitative research. Qualitative inquiry, 5(4): 465–478.

Segerstråle, U. C. O. 2000. Beyond the Science Wars: The Missing Discourse About Science and Society.

SUNY Press.

Sokal, A. D. (1996). Transgressing the boundaries: Toward a transformative hermeneutics of quantum gravity. Social Text, (46/47), 217-252.

Sokal, A. 2010.Beyond the Hoax: Science, Philosophy and Culture. Oxford University Press, USA.

Swigonski, M.E.(1993). Feminist Standpoint Theory and the Questions of Social Work Research.

Affilia, 8(2), 171-183.

Watson, T. 2008. Sociology, Work and Industry, 5th ed. Taylor & Francis





Get Professional Assignment Help Cheaply

Buy Custom Essay

Are you busy and do not have time to handle your assignment? Are you scared that your paper will not make the grade? Do you have responsibilities that may hinder you from turning in your assignment on time? Are you tired and can barely handle your assignment? Are your grades inconsistent?

Whichever your reason is, it is valid! You can get professional academic help from our service at affordable rates. We have a team of professional academic writers who can handle all your assignments.

Why Choose Our Academic Writing Service?

  • Plagiarism free papers
  • Timely delivery
  • Any deadline
  • Skilled, Experienced Native English Writers
  • Subject-relevant academic writer
  • Adherence to paper instructions
  • Ability to tackle bulk assignments
  • Reasonable prices
  • 24/7 Customer Support
  • Get superb grades consistently

Online Academic Help With Different Subjects


Students barely have time to read. We got you! Have your literature essay or book review written without having the hassle of reading the book. You can get your literature paper custom-written for you by our literature specialists.


Do you struggle with finance? No need to torture yourself if finance is not your cup of tea. You can order your finance paper from our academic writing service and get 100% original work from competent finance experts.

Computer science

Computer science is a tough subject. Fortunately, our computer science experts are up to the match. No need to stress and have sleepless nights. Our academic writers will tackle all your computer science assignments and deliver them on time. Let us handle all your python, java, ruby, JavaScript, php , C+ assignments!


While psychology may be an interesting subject, you may lack sufficient time to handle your assignments. Don’t despair; by using our academic writing service, you can be assured of perfect grades. Moreover, your grades will be consistent.


Engineering is quite a demanding subject. Students face a lot of pressure and barely have enough time to do what they love to do. Our academic writing service got you covered! Our engineering specialists follow the paper instructions and ensure timely delivery of the paper.


In the nursing course, you may have difficulties with literature reviews, annotated bibliographies, critical essays, and other assignments. Our nursing assignment writers will offer you professional nursing paper help at low prices.


Truth be told, sociology papers can be quite exhausting. Our academic writing service relieves you of fatigue, pressure, and stress. You can relax and have peace of mind as our academic writers handle your sociology assignment.


We take pride in having some of the best business writers in the industry. Our business writers have a lot of experience in the field. They are reliable, and you can be assured of a high-grade paper. They are able to handle business papers of any subject, length, deadline, and difficulty!


We boast of having some of the most experienced statistics experts in the industry. Our statistics experts have diverse skills, expertise, and knowledge to handle any kind of assignment. They have access to all kinds of software to get your assignment done.


Writing a law essay may prove to be an insurmountable obstacle, especially when you need to know the peculiarities of the legislative framework. Take advantage of our top-notch law specialists and get superb grades and 100% satisfaction.

What discipline/subjects do you deal in?

We have highlighted some of the most popular subjects we handle above. Those are just a tip of the iceberg. We deal in all academic disciplines since our writers are as diverse. They have been drawn from across all disciplines, and orders are assigned to those writers believed to be the best in the field. In a nutshell, there is no task we cannot handle; all you need to do is place your order with us. As long as your instructions are clear, just trust we shall deliver irrespective of the discipline.

Are your writers competent enough to handle my paper?

Our essay writers are graduates with bachelor's, masters, Ph.D., and doctorate degrees in various subjects. The minimum requirement to be an essay writer with our essay writing service is to have a college degree. All our academic writers have a minimum of two years of academic writing. We have a stringent recruitment process to ensure that we get only the most competent essay writers in the industry. We also ensure that the writers are handsomely compensated for their value. The majority of our writers are native English speakers. As such, the fluency of language and grammar is impeccable.

What if I don’t like the paper?

There is a very low likelihood that you won’t like the paper.

Reasons being:

  • When assigning your order, we match the paper’s discipline with the writer’s field/specialization. Since all our writers are graduates, we match the paper’s subject with the field the writer studied. For instance, if it’s a nursing paper, only a nursing graduate and writer will handle it. Furthermore, all our writers have academic writing experience and top-notch research skills.
  • We have a quality assurance that reviews the paper before it gets to you. As such, we ensure that you get a paper that meets the required standard and will most definitely make the grade.

In the event that you don’t like your paper:

  • The writer will revise the paper up to your pleasing. You have unlimited revisions. You simply need to highlight what specifically you don’t like about the paper, and the writer will make the amendments. The paper will be revised until you are satisfied. Revisions are free of charge
  • We will have a different writer write the paper from scratch.
  • Last resort, if the above does not work, we will refund your money.

Will the professor find out I didn’t write the paper myself?

Not at all. All papers are written from scratch. There is no way your tutor or instructor will realize that you did not write the paper yourself. In fact, we recommend using our assignment help services for consistent results.

What if the paper is plagiarized?

We check all papers for plagiarism before we submit them. We use powerful plagiarism checking software such as SafeAssign, LopesWrite, and Turnitin. We also upload the plagiarism report so that you can review it. We understand that plagiarism is academic suicide. We would not take the risk of submitting plagiarized work and jeopardize your academic journey. Furthermore, we do not sell or use prewritten papers, and each paper is written from scratch.

When will I get my paper?

You determine when you get the paper by setting the deadline when placing the order. All papers are delivered within the deadline. We are well aware that we operate in a time-sensitive industry. As such, we have laid out strategies to ensure that the client receives the paper on time and they never miss the deadline. We understand that papers that are submitted late have some points deducted. We do not want you to miss any points due to late submission. We work on beating deadlines by huge margins in order to ensure that you have ample time to review the paper before you submit it.

Will anyone find out that I used your services?

We have a privacy and confidentiality policy that guides our work. We NEVER share any customer information with third parties. Noone will ever know that you used our assignment help services. It’s only between you and us. We are bound by our policies to protect the customer’s identity and information. All your information, such as your names, phone number, email, order information, and so on, are protected. We have robust security systems that ensure that your data is protected. Hacking our systems is close to impossible, and it has never happened.

How our Assignment Help Service Works

1. Place an order

You fill all the paper instructions in the order form. Make sure you include all the helpful materials so that our academic writers can deliver the perfect paper. It will also help to eliminate unnecessary revisions.

2. Pay for the order

Proceed to pay for the paper so that it can be assigned to one of our expert academic writers. The paper subject is matched with the writer’s area of specialization.

3. Track the progress

You communicate with the writer and know about the progress of the paper. The client can ask the writer for drafts of the paper. The client can upload extra material and include additional instructions from the lecturer. Receive a paper.

4. Download the paper

The paper is sent to your email and uploaded to your personal account. You also get a plagiarism report attached to your paper.

smile and order essay GET A PERFECT SCORE!!! smile and order essay Buy Custom Essay

Place your order
(550 words)

Approximate price: $22

Calculate the price of your order

550 words
We'll send you the first draft for approval by September 11, 2018 at 10:52 AM
Total price:
The price is based on these factors:
Academic level
Number of pages
Basic features
  • Free title page and bibliography
  • Unlimited revisions
  • Plagiarism-free guarantee
  • Money-back guarantee
  • 24/7 support
On-demand options
  • Writer’s samples
  • Part-by-part delivery
  • Overnight delivery
  • Copies of used sources
  • Expert Proofreading
Paper format
  • 275 words per page
  • 12 pt Arial/Times New Roman
  • Double line spacing
  • Any citation style (APA, MLA, Chicago/Turabian, Harvard)

Our guarantees

Delivering a high-quality product at a reasonable price is not enough anymore.
That’s why we have developed 5 beneficial guarantees that will make your experience with our service enjoyable, easy, and safe.

Money-back guarantee

You have to be 100% sure of the quality of your product to give a money-back guarantee. This describes us perfectly. Make sure that this guarantee is totally transparent.

Read more

Zero-plagiarism guarantee

Each paper is composed from scratch, according to your instructions. It is then checked by our plagiarism-detection software. There is no gap where plagiarism could squeeze in.

Read more

Free-revision policy

Thanks to our free revisions, there is no way for you to be unsatisfied. We will work on your paper until you are completely happy with the result.

Read more

Privacy policy

Your email is safe, as we store it according to international data protection rules. Your bank details are secure, as we use only reliable payment systems.

Read more

Fair-cooperation guarantee

By sending us your money, you buy the service we provide. Check out our terms and conditions if you prefer business talks to be laid out in official language.

Read more
error: Content is protected !!
Open chat
Need assignment help? You can contact our live agent via WhatsApp using +1 718 717 2861

Feel free to ask questions, clarifications, or discounts available when placing an order.
  +1 718 717 2861           + 44 161 818 7126           [email protected]
  +1 718 717 2861         [email protected]