In the past few years, diabetes mellitus has emerged as a common endemic in the Phoenix, Arizona population. The pancreas, an organ that lies near the stomach, produces a hormone called insulin to help glucose, or sugar that human bodies use for energy, get into the body’s cells. Diabetes is a disease that occurs when the body either does not produce enough insulin or cannot use its own insulin as well as it should. Diabetes can cause serious health implications such as heart disease, blindness, kidney failure, and lower-extremity amputations. It is the seventh leading cause of death in the United States. In Arizona, the Arizona Diabetes Prevention and Control Program has been established to assist with the prevention of diabetes, and provide education and other community resources to effectively combat and educate the public about the disease. This paper will discuss diabetes, how it is acquired, communicated and the primary effects to the individual. It will also discuss the effects diabetes has on the family and the community, as well the social and economic implications of the disease, focusing on the Phoenix, Arizona population. It will conclude with a discussion of the methods in which nurses in this setting can address diabetes, in addition to the use of other community resources.
Causes of Diabetes
There are different types of diabetes mellitus; Type 1 diabetes, Type 2 diabetes, and Gestational diabetes. Type 1 diabetes was previously called insulin-dependant diabetes mellitus or juvenile-onset diabetes. Type 1 diabetes may account for 5% to 10% of all diagnosed cases of diabetes (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 1997). Type 1 diabetes follows exposure to an environmental trigger, such as an unidentified virus, stimulating an immune attack against the beta cells of the pancreas in some genetically predisposed people (Centers fro Disease Control and Prevention, 1997). Type 2 diabetes was previously called non-insulin dependant diabetes mellitus or adult onset diabetes. Type 2 diabetes accounts for about 90% to 95% of all diagnosed cases of diabetes (Centers fro Disease Control and Prevention, 1997). Risk factors for Type 2 diabetes include older age, obesity, family history of diabetes, prior history of glucose intolerance, physical inactivity, and race or ethnicity. African-Americans, Hispanics, American Indians, and some Asians and Pacific Islanders are at particularly high risk for Type 2 diabetes.
Gestational diabetes develops in 2% to 5% of all pregnancies but usually disappears when a pregnancy is over (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 1997). Gestational diabetes occurs more frequently in African-Americans, Hispanics, American Indians and people with a family history of diabetes. Research indicates that nearly 40% of women with a history of gestational diabetes developed diabetes in the future (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention). Other types of diabetes result form specific genetic syndromes, surgery, drugs, malnutrition, infections, and other illnesses, accounting for 1% to 2% of all diagnosed cases of diabetes (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 1997). Diabetes is usually treated by keeping blood sugar levels normal at all time, and training in self-management so that one knows how to maintain the disease. Self-management programs are planned by a qualified medical professional.
Primary Effects on the Individual and the Family
The warning signs and symptoms of diabetes usually develop slowly, and consist of unusual fatigue, frequent urination, occasional blurry vision, cuts or sores that won’t heal, extreme thirst or hunger, numb or tingling hands and feet, and unexplained weight loss. Persons with diabetes are at risk for complications such as amputations, heart attacks, strokes, blindness, kidney failure and gum disease (Arizona Department of Health Services, 2006). The Arizona Department of Health (2006) notes several activities that the individual and their family can follow to manage and prevent diabetes. For example, practicing a basic health regimen can reduce the risk of developing diabetes as well as preventing the complications once the disease is present. Family members should note that eating regular healthy meals is necessary, and complications can be prevented by recording blood sugar levels daily, exercise, and taking medication as prescribed.
Social and Economic Implications of Diabetes
There are many social and economic implications of diabetes in the Phoenix, Arizona population. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention is currently working with the Arizona Diabetes Prevention and Control Program to assist with the prevention of diabetes and develop the state’s capacity to reduce the incidence and severity of primary and secondary complications related to diabetes. The program also coordinates educational and training opportunities that involve state leadership, health professionals and communities. The social implications of diabetes noted by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention are that the new diagnostic criteria will help find asymptomatic people with undiagnosed diabetes because of the utility and ease of obtaining fasting measurements. The number of people who shift from undiagnosed to diagnosed diabetes may potentially increase the total of 8 million to 10 million people diagnosed with diabetes. The economic implications are that a higher proportion of people will be diagnosed with diabetes and this will result in an increase in diabetes spending. However, over a lifetime, the cost may decrease because to care for people with diabetes will be diagnosed at an earlier stage and the complications may be easier to prevent (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 1997).
Nurses in Diabetes Setting & Utilization of Community Resources
The nurse in this setting addresses the issue of diabetes usually as a means of instruction and maintenance of the disease. For example, the nurse may discuss with family members the importance of following a regimen to prevent complications of the disease. In response to the growing health burden of diabetes mellitus, the diabetes community has three choices: prevent diabetes, cure diabetes, and take better care of people with diabetes to prevent devastating complications (Georgia Home Medical, 2004). Public health challenges include addressing issues for newly diagnosed people, and issues for the health care system. Community resources that could be utilized are support groups for those diagnosed with diabetes, or those taking care of a family member with diabetes. These support groups could meet, headed by medical personnel, to learn more about how to treat the disease and prevention further complications once diagnosed. Other individual and community issues involve patient anxiety, personal economic impact, insurability and employability.
Therefore, diabetes mellitus is an endemic in the Phoenix, Arizona population, but can be controlled and prevented with the right knowledge and community resources.
Arizona Department of Health Services. (2006). AZ Diabetes Prevention and Control
Program. Retrieved February 23, 2007, at http://www.azdhs.gov/phs/oncdps/diabetes/igns.htm
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (1997). National Diabetes Fact Sheet:
National estimates and general information on diabetes in the United States. Atlanta,
GA: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services.
Georgia Home Medical. (2004). Diabetes Education. Retrieved February 23, 2007, at http://www.ghmed.com.
Narayan, V. (1997). Diabetes Mellitus in Native Americans: The Problem and its
Implications. Springer Netherlands.
Are you busy and do not have time to handle your assignment? Are you scared that your paper will not make the grade? Do you have responsibilities that may hinder you from turning in your assignment on time? Are you tired and can barely handle your assignment? Are your grades inconsistent?
Whichever your reason is, it is valid! You can get professional academic help from our service at affordable rates. We have a team of professional academic writers who can handle all your assignments.
Students barely have time to read. We got you! Have your literature essay or book review written without having the hassle of reading the book. You can get your literature paper custom-written for you by our literature specialists.
Do you struggle with finance? No need to torture yourself if finance is not your cup of tea. You can order your finance paper from our academic writing service and get 100% original work from competent finance experts.
While psychology may be an interesting subject, you may lack sufficient time to handle your assignments. Don’t despair; by using our academic writing service, you can be assured of perfect grades. Moreover, your grades will be consistent.
Engineering is quite a demanding subject. Students face a lot of pressure and barely have enough time to do what they love to do. Our academic writing service got you covered! Our engineering specialists follow the paper instructions and ensure timely delivery of the paper.
In the nursing course, you may have difficulties with literature reviews, annotated bibliographies, critical essays, and other assignments. Our nursing assignment writers will offer you professional nursing paper help at low prices.
Truth be told, sociology papers can be quite exhausting. Our academic writing service relieves you of fatigue, pressure, and stress. You can relax and have peace of mind as our academic writers handle your sociology assignment.
We take pride in having some of the best business writers in the industry. Our business writers have a lot of experience in the field. They are reliable, and you can be assured of a high-grade paper. They are able to handle business papers of any subject, length, deadline, and difficulty!
We boast of having some of the most experienced statistics experts in the industry. Our statistics experts have diverse skills, expertise, and knowledge to handle any kind of assignment. They have access to all kinds of software to get your assignment done.
Writing a law essay may prove to be an insurmountable obstacle, especially when you need to know the peculiarities of the legislative framework. Take advantage of our top-notch law specialists and get superb grades and 100% satisfaction.
We have highlighted some of the most popular subjects we handle above. Those are just a tip of the iceberg. We deal in all academic disciplines since our writers are as diverse. They have been drawn from across all disciplines, and orders are assigned to those writers believed to be the best in the field. In a nutshell, there is no task we cannot handle; all you need to do is place your order with us. As long as your instructions are clear, just trust we shall deliver irrespective of the discipline.
Our essay writers are graduates with bachelor's, masters, Ph.D., and doctorate degrees in various subjects. The minimum requirement to be an essay writer with our essay writing service is to have a college degree. All our academic writers have a minimum of two years of academic writing. We have a stringent recruitment process to ensure that we get only the most competent essay writers in the industry. We also ensure that the writers are handsomely compensated for their value. The majority of our writers are native English speakers. As such, the fluency of language and grammar is impeccable.
There is a very low likelihood that you won’t like the paper.
Not at all. All papers are written from scratch. There is no way your tutor or instructor will realize that you did not write the paper yourself. In fact, we recommend using our assignment help services for consistent results.
We check all papers for plagiarism before we submit them. We use powerful plagiarism checking software such as SafeAssign, LopesWrite, and Turnitin. We also upload the plagiarism report so that you can review it. We understand that plagiarism is academic suicide. We would not take the risk of submitting plagiarized work and jeopardize your academic journey. Furthermore, we do not sell or use prewritten papers, and each paper is written from scratch.
You determine when you get the paper by setting the deadline when placing the order. All papers are delivered within the deadline. We are well aware that we operate in a time-sensitive industry. As such, we have laid out strategies to ensure that the client receives the paper on time and they never miss the deadline. We understand that papers that are submitted late have some points deducted. We do not want you to miss any points due to late submission. We work on beating deadlines by huge margins in order to ensure that you have ample time to review the paper before you submit it.
We have a privacy and confidentiality policy that guides our work. We NEVER share any customer information with third parties. Noone will ever know that you used our assignment help services. It’s only between you and us. We are bound by our policies to protect the customer’s identity and information. All your information, such as your names, phone number, email, order information, and so on, are protected. We have robust security systems that ensure that your data is protected. Hacking our systems is close to impossible, and it has never happened.
You fill all the paper instructions in the order form. Make sure you include all the helpful materials so that our academic writers can deliver the perfect paper. It will also help to eliminate unnecessary revisions.
Proceed to pay for the paper so that it can be assigned to one of our expert academic writers. The paper subject is matched with the writer’s area of specialization.
You communicate with the writer and know about the progress of the paper. The client can ask the writer for drafts of the paper. The client can upload extra material and include additional instructions from the lecturer. Receive a paper.
The paper is sent to your email and uploaded to your personal account. You also get a plagiarism report attached to your paper.
Delivering a high-quality product at a reasonable price is not enough anymore.
That’s why we have developed 5 beneficial guarantees that will make your experience with our service enjoyable, easy, and safe.
You have to be 100% sure of the quality of your product to give a money-back guarantee. This describes us perfectly. Make sure that this guarantee is totally transparent.Read more
Each paper is composed from scratch, according to your instructions. It is then checked by our plagiarism-detection software. There is no gap where plagiarism could squeeze in.Read more
Thanks to our free revisions, there is no way for you to be unsatisfied. We will work on your paper until you are completely happy with the result.Read more
Your email is safe, as we store it according to international data protection rules. Your bank details are secure, as we use only reliable payment systems.Read more
By sending us your money, you buy the service we provide. Check out our terms and conditions if you prefer business talks to be laid out in official language.Read more