Ethnic Groups and Discrimination
The United States was originally formed of immigrants that came to the new-found continent and settled along the coast. Immigration is still an overwhelming force today in America, which has become the land with the most widespread multiculturalism.
My own ancestors came from Scotland around the 1770’s. Initially, upon their first arrival on the continent many of the Scots were subject to both prejudice and discrimination by the groups of British that had taken control in some parts of the land. Coming from a poor country, the Scots faced exclusion from trading between colonies: “Scottish merchants traded with the English colonies, but were not allowed to bring out the most valuable commodities, were excluded from the carrying trade between colonies, and could bring in only the produce of Scotland. A poor country had little to export save people, but the demand for servants in the colonies could make this a profitable business.”(Brock 1982, p.4) Some of the problems that the Scottish immigrants encountered in America were similar to the ethnic and social class discrimination they had dealt with in Scotland, especially in their relations with England. The English wanted complete autonomy of the colonies and especially of the trade with the Spanish or with the Indies. Therefore, in the beginning, the Scots faced segregation and ethnic discrimination as an ethnic group, not being allowed to become proprietor or to hold trade with other countries. Overall, they were treated as a subordinate ethnic group by the English and they were even denied official employment in the colonies at the beginning (Brock 1982, p. 9) Gradually however, the Scots managed to become politically influent and even to establish a colony in Eastern New Jersey before the Act of Union in 1707 when Scotland united with England forming the United Kingdom. After the Union, the influence of the Scots in the United States grew in many fields from politics and religion (the Scots brought their Presbyterian tradition with them, which became very influent) to trade and medicine. Medicine especially in the North America was greatly influenced by the number of doctors that emigrated from Scotland: “Scotland was a poor country and many of her doctors had no prospect of gainful employment in their native land. Some moved to England, others joined the armed forces or emigrated to British possessions overseas, including the American colonies. The chosen destinations in America were those colonies which, through emigration or trade, particularly the tobacco trade, already had Scottish settlements.”(Brock 1982, p. 115) the influence of the modern medical methods brought from Europe by the Scots was therefore very great. In the beginning the Scots suffered from discrimination on the part of the English colonists but, with time, things leveled and some of the most successful people had Scottish descending.
However, with the passing of the generations, an ethnic group becomes more and more assimilated in the mainstream culture. As such, the Scots along with the English and many other European descendents that had come to settle in the United States became the mainstream, ‘white’ culture. As Europeans, they came from countries that, although quite poor, had very good education opportunities. As part of the mainstream culture, my ethnic group also took part in the discrimination against racial and ethnic minorities, including the African-Americans, the Hispanic-Americans, the Asians or the Native Americans. As part of the white group in America, the Scots presumably inflicted most of the forms of discrimination upon the racial and ethnic minorities, from the extremely overt and violent domination of the African-Americans during the period of slavery, to the more recent forms of discrimination, such as redlining, institutional discrimination, glass ceiling, environmental justice problems and so on.
The English and the Scots formed the first great waves of immigration into the United States, and along with their settlements they also established their supremacy over the other racial or ethnic minorities. These problems are reflected in a number of Immigration Acts that were issued during the twentieth century to prevent other ethnic groups such as the Chinese or the Latin Americans to enter the countries. Moreover, all the other forms of discrimination that aimed at keeping the minority groups into subordinate positions and that denied them equal rights were initialed by the white Europeans who had been the earliest settlers. It is also known that the Scots in colonial America have participated in the slave trade throughout the eighteenth and the nineteenth centuries (Landsman 2001, p.60) Overall, the Scots that immigrated into the States were soon assimilated along with the British, and thus became the most important colonizers in early America.
The Scots were white Europeans therefore part of a “privileged” racial and ethnic group that took their mastery over the other races for granted. In the gradually growing diversity of the United States, the European descendents have become numerically inferior over the years, but the discrimination and the prejudice against racial otherness has not decreased significantly. Forms of discrimination still exist and they are manifested especially on the education and labor market, where the people belonging to a minority group may find it much harder to become integrated than a white person. Thus, it can be said that many forms of intolerance and overt discrimination still exist at the root of the social system. These culminate with acts of violence and racial hatred which assume that the members of a certain group are not only inferior but also dangerous. It is very difficult for racial discrimination to desist since there are still ingrained attitudes towards otherness and difference in general. I think that all should feel part of the large multicultural group rather than be isolated according to racial or ethnic criteria.
Brock, William R (1982). Scotus Americanus: A Survey of the Sources for Links between Scotland and America in the Eighteenth Century. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press
Landsman, Ned C. Nation and Province in the First British Empire: Scotland and the Americas. Lewisburg: Bucknell University Press, 2001.
Are you busy and do not have time to handle your assignment? Are you scared that your paper will not make the grade? Do you have responsibilities that may hinder you from turning in your assignment on time? Are you tired and can barely handle your assignment? Are your grades inconsistent?
Whichever your reason is, it is valid! You can get professional academic help from our service at affordable rates. We have a team of professional academic writers who can handle all your assignments.
Students barely have time to read. We got you! Have your literature essay or book review written without having the hassle of reading the book. You can get your literature paper custom-written for you by our literature specialists.
Do you struggle with finance? No need to torture yourself if finance is not your cup of tea. You can order your finance paper from our academic writing service and get 100% original work from competent finance experts.
While psychology may be an interesting subject, you may lack sufficient time to handle your assignments. Don’t despair; by using our academic writing service, you can be assured of perfect grades. Moreover, your grades will be consistent.
Engineering is quite a demanding subject. Students face a lot of pressure and barely have enough time to do what they love to do. Our academic writing service got you covered! Our engineering specialists follow the paper instructions and ensure timely delivery of the paper.
In the nursing course, you may have difficulties with literature reviews, annotated bibliographies, critical essays, and other assignments. Our nursing assignment writers will offer you professional nursing paper help at low prices.
Truth be told, sociology papers can be quite exhausting. Our academic writing service relieves you of fatigue, pressure, and stress. You can relax and have peace of mind as our academic writers handle your sociology assignment.
We take pride in having some of the best business writers in the industry. Our business writers have a lot of experience in the field. They are reliable, and you can be assured of a high-grade paper. They are able to handle business papers of any subject, length, deadline, and difficulty!
We boast of having some of the most experienced statistics experts in the industry. Our statistics experts have diverse skills, expertise, and knowledge to handle any kind of assignment. They have access to all kinds of software to get your assignment done.
Writing a law essay may prove to be an insurmountable obstacle, especially when you need to know the peculiarities of the legislative framework. Take advantage of our top-notch law specialists and get superb grades and 100% satisfaction.
We have highlighted some of the most popular subjects we handle above. Those are just a tip of the iceberg. We deal in all academic disciplines since our writers are as diverse. They have been drawn from across all disciplines, and orders are assigned to those writers believed to be the best in the field. In a nutshell, there is no task we cannot handle; all you need to do is place your order with us. As long as your instructions are clear, just trust we shall deliver irrespective of the discipline.
Our essay writers are graduates with bachelor's, masters, Ph.D., and doctorate degrees in various subjects. The minimum requirement to be an essay writer with our essay writing service is to have a college degree. All our academic writers have a minimum of two years of academic writing. We have a stringent recruitment process to ensure that we get only the most competent essay writers in the industry. We also ensure that the writers are handsomely compensated for their value. The majority of our writers are native English speakers. As such, the fluency of language and grammar is impeccable.
There is a very low likelihood that you won’t like the paper.
Not at all. All papers are written from scratch. There is no way your tutor or instructor will realize that you did not write the paper yourself. In fact, we recommend using our assignment help services for consistent results.
We check all papers for plagiarism before we submit them. We use powerful plagiarism checking software such as SafeAssign, LopesWrite, and Turnitin. We also upload the plagiarism report so that you can review it. We understand that plagiarism is academic suicide. We would not take the risk of submitting plagiarized work and jeopardize your academic journey. Furthermore, we do not sell or use prewritten papers, and each paper is written from scratch.
You determine when you get the paper by setting the deadline when placing the order. All papers are delivered within the deadline. We are well aware that we operate in a time-sensitive industry. As such, we have laid out strategies to ensure that the client receives the paper on time and they never miss the deadline. We understand that papers that are submitted late have some points deducted. We do not want you to miss any points due to late submission. We work on beating deadlines by huge margins in order to ensure that you have ample time to review the paper before you submit it.
We have a privacy and confidentiality policy that guides our work. We NEVER share any customer information with third parties. Noone will ever know that you used our assignment help services. It’s only between you and us. We are bound by our policies to protect the customer’s identity and information. All your information, such as your names, phone number, email, order information, and so on, are protected. We have robust security systems that ensure that your data is protected. Hacking our systems is close to impossible, and it has never happened.
You fill all the paper instructions in the order form. Make sure you include all the helpful materials so that our academic writers can deliver the perfect paper. It will also help to eliminate unnecessary revisions.
Proceed to pay for the paper so that it can be assigned to one of our expert academic writers. The paper subject is matched with the writer’s area of specialization.
You communicate with the writer and know about the progress of the paper. The client can ask the writer for drafts of the paper. The client can upload extra material and include additional instructions from the lecturer. Receive a paper.
The paper is sent to your email and uploaded to your personal account. You also get a plagiarism report attached to your paper.
Delivering a high-quality product at a reasonable price is not enough anymore.
That’s why we have developed 5 beneficial guarantees that will make your experience with our service enjoyable, easy, and safe.
You have to be 100% sure of the quality of your product to give a money-back guarantee. This describes us perfectly. Make sure that this guarantee is totally transparent.Read more
Each paper is composed from scratch, according to your instructions. It is then checked by our plagiarism-detection software. There is no gap where plagiarism could squeeze in.Read more
Thanks to our free revisions, there is no way for you to be unsatisfied. We will work on your paper until you are completely happy with the result.Read more
Your email is safe, as we store it according to international data protection rules. Your bank details are secure, as we use only reliable payment systems.Read more
By sending us your money, you buy the service we provide. Check out our terms and conditions if you prefer business talks to be laid out in official language.Read more