Transportation systems have become increasingly congested across the globe, which has contributed to the need for growth of transportation infrastructure. Actually, transportation congestion has continued to be a major concern and challenge for big cities in the contemporary first moving world. This challenge is attributed to various factors including the ever-growing increase in services of automobiles and busy work schedules. As this problem continues across major engines, the effect of the challenge continues to spread across users of automobiles. Some of the major effects of transportation congestion include lost opportunities to do other things and contribute to more economic growth. While transportation congestion continues to influence people’s choices on where they live and work, it’s considered as the single largest threat to economic growth and lifestyle. Therefore, it has become increasingly for firms and governments to adopt appropriate strategies that could help in eradicating this problem. Many transportation experts think that governments and firms should use a multi-faceted approach to address the congestion problem and enhance mobility.
Causes and Effects of Transportation Congestion:
As previously mentioned, the problem of transport congestion is mainly caused by increase in the services of automobiles. In addition, this problem is brought by poor policy choices and failure to distinguish between effective and ineffective solutions. Poor policies and this failure causes transportation congestion regardless of whether it takes the form of stalled traffic, cargo stuck at seaports, or airplanes over crowded airports (“National Strategy to Reduce Congestion,” 2006). From a traffic perspective, transportation congestion is also a by-product of the busy work schedules in major cities. The other factor contributing to the problem is mismanagement in the transportation industry.
The effects of this problem extend beyond the individual level to affect firms, the government, and economic growth. Individuals are faced with lost opportunity to carry out other activities because of being forced to wait for long hours in their automobiles (“Congestion Reduction Strategies,” 2012). Moreover, this challenge influences people’s choices on where to live and work, which in turn limits the range of practical choices to households and workers. For companies, the problem affects the transportation of goods from one location to another in a timely and cost-effective manner. The business community is forced to adjust its operating practices in order to compensate for time. For governments, the problem slows down economic prosperity and growth throughout the country.
Strategies for Firms to Overcome Transportation Congestion Challenges:
According to many transportation experts, a multi-faceted approach is the most effective way in dealing with challenges associated with transportation congestion (“Reducing Congestion,” 2003). There are various strategies that firms can use to overcome challenges related to transportation congestion. Some of these major strategies include & #8230;
Management of Congestion:
One of the most effective strategies that firms can adopt to deal with this problem and its associated challenges is congestion management. This strategy requires the use of some special techniques that can help in managing heavy traffics during peak hours. As part of congestion management, firms should observe the nature and timing of congestion and lessen their transportation activities during such periods. Through these measures, firms will ensure that most of their transportation activities are carried out during off peak hours. The management and control of transportation activities in turn enables the firms to avoid wastage of time due to transportation congestion.
Adjustment of Schedules:
As part of controlling and managing transportation activities, firms should adjust schedules as a means of eradicating associated challenges. The adjustment of schedules would involve changing the schedule of vehicles while considering the timing of congestion on a particular route. During this process, firms should ensure that they manage their timings and routes through effective schedule management.
Adopt New Transportation Technologies:
The other means of dealing with challenges related to transportation congestion is for firms to adopt and establish new transportation technologies. These firms should capitalize on the emergence of newly available technologies to eradicate the challenges. These technologies help in enhancing system management by providing more timely information for users and lessen the costs of toll collection. As a result, companies will deal with congestion challenges through establishing new transportation technologies.
Developing Upon a Set of Objectives:
Firms can also lessen these challenges by developing upon a series of objectives and recognized performance-based needs. This involves identifying, evaluating, and prioritizing alternative solutions to help in lessening effects of transportation congestion (“Effective Practices,” 2008). However, firms should ensure that their strategies are aligned with the planning and processes of other stakeholders in the industry.
In conclusion, challenges related to transportation congestion are caused by various factors and affect individuals, firms, and governments. These challenges continue to have significant effects on the operations of firms and economic growth. As a result, it’s becoming increasingly important for various stakeholders to adopt effective measures for dealing with the problem. Firms can deal with these challenges by developing and adopting several strategies like congestion management, adjustment of schedules, adopting, new transportation technologies, and developing upon a set of objectives.
“Congestion Reduction Strategies.” (n.d.). 2008 Status of the Nation’s Highways, Bridges, and Transit: Conditions and Performance. Retrieved from Federal Highway Administration — U.S. Department of Transportation website: http://www.fhwa.dot.gov/policy/2008cpr/chap14.htm
“Effective Practices for Congestion Management: Final Report.” (2008, November). Cambridge
Systematics, Inc. Retrieved November 8, 2013, from http://onlinepubs.trb.org/onlinepubs/archive/NotesDocs/20-24(63)_FR.pdf
“National Strategy to Reduce Congestion on America’s Transportation Network.” (2006, May).
The Secretary of Transportation. Retrieved from U.S. Department of Transportation website: http://isddc.dot.gov/OLPFiles/OST/012988.pdf
“Reducing Congestion: Congestion Pricing has a Promise for Improving Use of Transportation
Infrastructure.” (2003, June 5). GAO-03-735T. Retrieved from Government Accountability Office website: http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/GAOREPORTS-GAO-03-735T/html/GAOREPORTS-GAO-03-735T.htm
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