private sector and community delivery of social welfare

The term ‘private sector’ simply refers to the part of the national economy which is made up of private enterprises. In other words, it is part of a national economy that is not controlled by the government, (Raper, 2000). This includes the corporate sector (companies) and the personal sector (households), which are responsible for the allocation of most resources within an economy. On the other hand, ‘community sector’ is an Australian term referring to organizations that provide community services hand in hand with small, locally-based organizations having adjacent activities such as social welfare services, legal services, the arts and employment services, (Ohlin, 1998). The community sector is also referred to as the third sector in reference to the public and private sectors.  The community organizations involved in this sector are primarily non-profit-making, self-governing and separate from the government. Both the private and community sectors play an important role in the planning and provision of social welfare services.  According to Ohlin (1998), effective delivery of social welfare by the named sectors involves a well-defined system providing support to nurture and sustain the functioning of individuals groups and families to maximize their potential for development and to enhance the well being of a community. In view of this, this paper focuses on the roles and responsibilities of the private and community sectors on social welfare delivery, particularly in Australia.

The role of private and community sectors in the delivery of social welfare

Don't use plagiarized sources. Get Your Custom Essay on
private sector and community delivery of social welfare
Just from $9/Page
Order Essay

The Australian private and community sectors have played a long-standing role and are still actively involved in many aspects of the provision of social welfare services to the Australian community. Specifically, they provide a wide range of services including provision of education, health services, accommodation, religious services, legal advice, counseling services, childcare and distribute food and clothing, (Hitchcock, et al, 2003, p. 34). Organizations in these sectors provide the aforementioned services to different sections of the Australian community including young people, families, unemployed, the aged, the homeless, people with low incomes and people with disabilities.

Over the last decade, various reforms have been made seeking to increase Australian private and community sectors’ involvement in the delivery of social welfare services by the government of Australia. According to Commonwealth Secretariat (2009, p. 81), the Australian government has introduced the privatization of social welfare delivery programs through a competitive tendering process, a move that is aimed at minimizing government expenses and to improve the social result. In addition, it has been actively encouraging partnerships between the community sector and the private sector. This has significantly helped to reduce the monopoly of public sector in provision of social services and to exploit the benefits that community and private organizations can bring to social service delivery frameworks in the form of diversity, innovation, sensitivity and flexibility to the task of providing the services to local communities, (Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, 2007, p. 352). Generally, the step taken by the Australian government is important in addressing a difficult question on how to maximize the benefits and reduce risks and undesirable consequences of the reforms by increasing the role of community and private sectors in social welfare delivery.

According to Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, (2007, p. 352), many private and community organizations have been able to take the advantage of the situation and consequently, they have grown considerably, leading to increased market share and influence in policy development. At the same time, these organizations are struggling with issues related to corporate identity and good practices as consumer pressure in regard to corporate social responsibility increases.  As Poole & Wood (2003) further explain, the private and community sectors in Australia are under increased pressure to perform (due to increased social problems at the high cost of the community) and thus, they find themselves in the public spotlight for various reasons. Organizations in these sectors cannot afford to seek back and allow the public sector to develop solutions to social problems on their own. Rather, they have to adopt the best business methods, increase their effectiveness and document their unique knowledge for them to have the effective force of change and a credible partner to governments and businesses at all levels, (Poole & Wood, 2003). In other words, these sectors need to be proactive in order to pave way for the rest of the Australian community to join in their efforts to create long-lasting, positive social change.

Specifically, the private and community organizations have a duty to move a deficit model to a positive approach to programs that aim at inspiring individuals to get actively involved in shaping their lives and addressing their problems. To achieve this, for instance, the third sector needs to move from service-centered to client-centered program and service delivery and this will enable the client to be actively involved in the design, implementation, and delivery of a welfare service that he or she participates in. This requires recognition that one size does not fit all, Lerner (2003, p. 158). Further, this requires recognition of the need to be preventive and proactive instead of taking a reactive approach to problems facing individuals. To ensure effective delivery of social welfare services, both the private and the third sector have to adopt a decentralized community control of assessment needs within the community, design appropriate welfare delivery policies and programs and ensure the laid projects are well implemented. Further, the third sector have a duty to account for the results, which goes together with data collection and dissemination of knowledge and skills gained for benchmarking purposes, (Lerner, 2003, p. 158). The two sectors have a role to play in enhancing the long-term sustainability of innovative programs that provide social welfare services to the Australian community. According to (O’Connor & and Sacco 2002), this is achievable through enhancing relevant and consistent evaluation of what works and what doesn’t and why. Further, the sectors are obligated to come up with effective mechanisms for the dissemination of innovative findings to inform policies as well as appropriate follow up mechanisms.

According to O’Connor & and Sacco (2002), the increased roles and responsibilities has heightened the need for a holistic approach to the ‘welfare’ of a community by both the private and community sectors. Consequently, new approaches to social welfare delivery have emerged such as the research by James Garbarino (as cited in O’Connor & and Sacco (2002), which concerns the toxic environment and the effects it has on children and young people. This approach has led to the establishment of pilot projects such as ‘communities that care’, though on a small scale, in Australia. As well, positive youth development and international youth participation research findings have led to advanced policy and program development in Australia.

However, Lerner (2000, p. 159) notes that, though recent developments are encouraging and positive, the current situation in Australia is comprised of fragmented welfare service delivery and disconnected policy development. Lerner asserts that, in an increasingly competitive and complex world, human capital is one of the most important resources for a country. But according to the Australian Institute of health and welfare (as cited in Lerner, 2003, p. 159), Australia has recorded a constant decline of 23% in the population of young people aged between 12 and 24 years from 1971 to 1998. In addition, it has recently been established that many young people in Australia are reaching adulthood unprepared to effectively take the roles of a parent or responsible and productive citizens. The key point is that effective delivery of social welfare requires that successful, relevant and meaningful education and social and economic participation remain the most important priorities for all sectors for the present and future generations. In this regard, Lerner R. M., (2003) argues that the community and private sectors are not faring well in the mentioned areas, for vulnerable groups in Australian society, especially for the disadvantaged young people.

Further, Hitchcock et al (2003, 34) explain that, despite all the efforts to discharge their roles, the community and private sectors in Australia are losing ground and the systems that they design to alleviate poverty do not deliver the intended results.  For example, approximately 800,000 children in Australia live in households with parents who are unemployed. This and other social problems have had a significant effect on family life, necessitating the need for private and community sectors to enhance effective programs to support and strengthen families to meet their children’s needs, (Hitchcock et al, 2003, 34). Generally, this indicates that there is still a need for improvement by these sectors through the formulation and implementation of effective policies at the organizational level, in the delivery of social welfare services.


In conclusion, as demonstrated in this essay, the private sector and the community sector have a great role to play in the delivery of social welfare in Australia. These sectors have demonstrated their role in providing a wide range of services to the Australian community such as the provision of education, health services, accommodation, religious services, legal advice, counseling services, childcare and distribute food and clothing. The recent reforms by the government of Australia have further increased the responsibilities of Australian private and community organizations’ participation in the delivery of social welfare services. As a result, these organizations have a greater social responsibility to account for their practices and to maintain corporate identity owing to increased consumer pressure. As a result organizations in the private and community sectors have recently adopted a holistic approach to the ‘welfare’ of the Australian community. However, as noted through the recent developments that are encouraging and positive, the current situation in Australia indicates that the two sectors need to discharge their roles in social welfare delivery more effectively. This may be achieved through the formulation and implementation of effective policies at the organizational level in the delivery of social welfare services.


Commonwealth Secretariat, (2009), Commonwealth Public Administration Reform 2004,

Commonwealth publications

Hitchcock, J., E., Schubert, P. E. & Thomas, S. A., (2003), health care systems in the world,

Community health nursing: caring in action, Volume 1, Cengage Learning, New York

Lerner R. M., (2003), handbook of applied developmental science: promoting positive child,

adolescent, and family development through research, policies, and programs, Volume 3, sage publications, London

O’Connor, T & and Sacco, M, (2002), market principles and welfare, retrieved from,

Ohlin, J., (1998), Will Privatization and Contracting Out Deliver Community Services?

retrieved from,

Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (2007), New trends in the non-profit

making sector in Australia The Non-profit sector in a changing economy, OECD Publishing

Poole M. E. & Wood, J. C., (2003), research issues for the service sector, particularly for

community service professions and export services, retrieved from,

Raper M., (2000), Public and private sector roles in social services, Retrieved from,


Get Professional Assignment Help Cheaply

Buy Custom Essay

Are you busy and do not have time to handle your assignment? Are you scared that your paper will not make the grade? Do you have responsibilities that may hinder you from turning in your assignment on time? Are you tired and can barely handle your assignment? Are your grades inconsistent?

Whichever your reason is, it is valid! You can get professional academic help from our service at affordable rates. We have a team of professional academic writers who can handle all your assignments.

Why Choose Our Academic Writing Service?

  • Plagiarism free papers
  • Timely delivery
  • Any deadline
  • Skilled, Experienced Native English Writers
  • Subject-relevant academic writer
  • Adherence to paper instructions
  • Ability to tackle bulk assignments
  • Reasonable prices
  • 24/7 Customer Support
  • Get superb grades consistently

Online Academic Help With Different Subjects


Students barely have time to read. We got you! Have your literature essay or book review written without having the hassle of reading the book. You can get your literature paper custom-written for you by our literature specialists.


Do you struggle with finance? No need to torture yourself if finance is not your cup of tea. You can order your finance paper from our academic writing service and get 100% original work from competent finance experts.

Computer science

Computer science is a tough subject. Fortunately, our computer science experts are up to the match. No need to stress and have sleepless nights. Our academic writers will tackle all your computer science assignments and deliver them on time. Let us handle all your python, java, ruby, JavaScript, php , C+ assignments!


While psychology may be an interesting subject, you may lack sufficient time to handle your assignments. Don’t despair; by using our academic writing service, you can be assured of perfect grades. Moreover, your grades will be consistent.


Engineering is quite a demanding subject. Students face a lot of pressure and barely have enough time to do what they love to do. Our academic writing service got you covered! Our engineering specialists follow the paper instructions and ensure timely delivery of the paper.


In the nursing course, you may have difficulties with literature reviews, annotated bibliographies, critical essays, and other assignments. Our nursing assignment writers will offer you professional nursing paper help at low prices.


Truth be told, sociology papers can be quite exhausting. Our academic writing service relieves you of fatigue, pressure, and stress. You can relax and have peace of mind as our academic writers handle your sociology assignment.


We take pride in having some of the best business writers in the industry. Our business writers have a lot of experience in the field. They are reliable, and you can be assured of a high-grade paper. They are able to handle business papers of any subject, length, deadline, and difficulty!


We boast of having some of the most experienced statistics experts in the industry. Our statistics experts have diverse skills, expertise, and knowledge to handle any kind of assignment. They have access to all kinds of software to get your assignment done.


Writing a law essay may prove to be an insurmountable obstacle, especially when you need to know the peculiarities of the legislative framework. Take advantage of our top-notch law specialists and get superb grades and 100% satisfaction.

What discipline/subjects do you deal in?

We have highlighted some of the most popular subjects we handle above. Those are just a tip of the iceberg. We deal in all academic disciplines since our writers are as diverse. They have been drawn from across all disciplines, and orders are assigned to those writers believed to be the best in the field. In a nutshell, there is no task we cannot handle; all you need to do is place your order with us. As long as your instructions are clear, just trust we shall deliver irrespective of the discipline.

Are your writers competent enough to handle my paper?

Our essay writers are graduates with bachelor's, masters, Ph.D., and doctorate degrees in various subjects. The minimum requirement to be an essay writer with our essay writing service is to have a college degree. All our academic writers have a minimum of two years of academic writing. We have a stringent recruitment process to ensure that we get only the most competent essay writers in the industry. We also ensure that the writers are handsomely compensated for their value. The majority of our writers are native English speakers. As such, the fluency of language and grammar is impeccable.

What if I don’t like the paper?

There is a very low likelihood that you won’t like the paper.

Reasons being:

  • When assigning your order, we match the paper’s discipline with the writer’s field/specialization. Since all our writers are graduates, we match the paper’s subject with the field the writer studied. For instance, if it’s a nursing paper, only a nursing graduate and writer will handle it. Furthermore, all our writers have academic writing experience and top-notch research skills.
  • We have a quality assurance that reviews the paper before it gets to you. As such, we ensure that you get a paper that meets the required standard and will most definitely make the grade.

In the event that you don’t like your paper:

  • The writer will revise the paper up to your pleasing. You have unlimited revisions. You simply need to highlight what specifically you don’t like about the paper, and the writer will make the amendments. The paper will be revised until you are satisfied. Revisions are free of charge
  • We will have a different writer write the paper from scratch.
  • Last resort, if the above does not work, we will refund your money.

Will the professor find out I didn’t write the paper myself?

Not at all. All papers are written from scratch. There is no way your tutor or instructor will realize that you did not write the paper yourself. In fact, we recommend using our assignment help services for consistent results.

What if the paper is plagiarized?

We check all papers for plagiarism before we submit them. We use powerful plagiarism checking software such as SafeAssign, LopesWrite, and Turnitin. We also upload the plagiarism report so that you can review it. We understand that plagiarism is academic suicide. We would not take the risk of submitting plagiarized work and jeopardize your academic journey. Furthermore, we do not sell or use prewritten papers, and each paper is written from scratch.

When will I get my paper?

You determine when you get the paper by setting the deadline when placing the order. All papers are delivered within the deadline. We are well aware that we operate in a time-sensitive industry. As such, we have laid out strategies to ensure that the client receives the paper on time and they never miss the deadline. We understand that papers that are submitted late have some points deducted. We do not want you to miss any points due to late submission. We work on beating deadlines by huge margins in order to ensure that you have ample time to review the paper before you submit it.

Will anyone find out that I used your services?

We have a privacy and confidentiality policy that guides our work. We NEVER share any customer information with third parties. Noone will ever know that you used our assignment help services. It’s only between you and us. We are bound by our policies to protect the customer’s identity and information. All your information, such as your names, phone number, email, order information, and so on, are protected. We have robust security systems that ensure that your data is protected. Hacking our systems is close to impossible, and it has never happened.

How our Assignment Help Service Works

1. Place an order

You fill all the paper instructions in the order form. Make sure you include all the helpful materials so that our academic writers can deliver the perfect paper. It will also help to eliminate unnecessary revisions.

2. Pay for the order

Proceed to pay for the paper so that it can be assigned to one of our expert academic writers. The paper subject is matched with the writer’s area of specialization.

3. Track the progress

You communicate with the writer and know about the progress of the paper. The client can ask the writer for drafts of the paper. The client can upload extra material and include additional instructions from the lecturer. Receive a paper.

4. Download the paper

The paper is sent to your email and uploaded to your personal account. You also get a plagiarism report attached to your paper.

smile and order essay GET A PERFECT SCORE!!! smile and order essay Buy Custom Essay

Place your order
(550 words)

Approximate price: $22

Calculate the price of your order

550 words
We'll send you the first draft for approval by September 11, 2018 at 10:52 AM
Total price:
The price is based on these factors:
Academic level
Number of pages
Basic features
  • Free title page and bibliography
  • Unlimited revisions
  • Plagiarism-free guarantee
  • Money-back guarantee
  • 24/7 support
On-demand options
  • Writer’s samples
  • Part-by-part delivery
  • Overnight delivery
  • Copies of used sources
  • Expert Proofreading
Paper format
  • 275 words per page
  • 12 pt Arial/Times New Roman
  • Double line spacing
  • Any citation style (APA, MLA, Chicago/Turabian, Harvard)

Our guarantees

Delivering a high-quality product at a reasonable price is not enough anymore.
That’s why we have developed 5 beneficial guarantees that will make your experience with our service enjoyable, easy, and safe.

Money-back guarantee

You have to be 100% sure of the quality of your product to give a money-back guarantee. This describes us perfectly. Make sure that this guarantee is totally transparent.

Read more

Zero-plagiarism guarantee

Each paper is composed from scratch, according to your instructions. It is then checked by our plagiarism-detection software. There is no gap where plagiarism could squeeze in.

Read more

Free-revision policy

Thanks to our free revisions, there is no way for you to be unsatisfied. We will work on your paper until you are completely happy with the result.

Read more

Privacy policy

Your email is safe, as we store it according to international data protection rules. Your bank details are secure, as we use only reliable payment systems.

Read more

Fair-cooperation guarantee

By sending us your money, you buy the service we provide. Check out our terms and conditions if you prefer business talks to be laid out in official language.

Read more
error: Content is protected !!
Open chat
Need assignment help? You can contact our live agent via WhatsApp using +1 718 717 2861

Feel free to ask questions, clarifications, or discounts available when placing an order.
  +1 718 717 2861           + 44 161 818 7126           [email protected]
  +1 718 717 2861         [email protected]