Behavioral Changes: Reducing the Effects of Global Climate Change
What is Global Warming?
The world’s climate has been changing since the late 19th century and it has been changing dramatically for the past fifty years, according to the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). Temperatures are rising, glaciers are melting around the world, the ice cap in the Arctic is melting, ocean temperatures are slowly rising, sea levels are rising around the world, and there are dramatic changes being witnessed in the way the world’s plants and animals are responding to the rise in temperatures.
The EPA explains that the greenhouse effect is at the heart of the global warming issue. It is perfectly natural for the sun to heat the earth, and a good share of that heat is then trapped in the Earth’s atmosphere by clouds (water vapor and carbon dioxide). However the activities of humans have added greenhouse gases to the atmosphere in heavy amounts, which has been one of the main drivers of global warming, the EPA continues. The burning of fossil fuels like coal, oil, and natural gas contribute mightily to excessive greenhouse gases in the atmosphere. Those gases are trapped in the atmosphere and result in the fact that the earth’s temperature has risen by 1.3(F over the last 100 years.
The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), an organizations founded by the United Nations that includes over 100 scientists from all parts of the world, presents frequent updated empirical data on the issue. The data from the IPCC that shows that the global atmospheric concentration of carbon dioxide has increased from a “pre-industrial value of about 280 ppm (parts per million) to 379 ppm in 2005 (IPCC). The bottom line is — notwithstanding some media commentators and a few elected officials that have either been influenced by the right wing propaganda that denies global warming or are simply out of touch — global warming is very real. Global climate change has been proven through rigorous empirical research conducted by thousands of scientists worldwide, and global warming indeed poses an enormous threat to the planet.
Things That Can Be Done Around the Home to Reduce Greenhouse Gases
The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) has published an exhaustive list of suggestions ordinary citizens can do to reduce their impact on climate change. First of all, consumers can reduce their utility bills and reduce electrical use by using CFLs instead of incandescent lighting. Using compact fluorescent light bulbs (CFLs), as replacements for the energy-hogging incandescent bulbs saves electrical usage and money for the homeowner. The compact fluorescent bulb is not without its drawbacks — it contains a small amount of mercury (about 0.4 milligrams in every bulb), and it is a bit more expensive than the incandescent bulbs — but it uses 75% less energy than incandescent bulbs (Energy Star, 2009).
Also, the DOE has the following energy-saving / electricity-saving recommendations that can add up to reduce greenhouse gases being released into the atmosphere: a) turn things off, like lights off when not in the room, computers, televisions and technologies; b) install a programmable thermostat to better manage economic heating and cooling; c) lower the water heater thermostat to 120(F; d) take shorter showers and use “low-flow showerheads” to save energy; e) hang clothes out to dry in the air and the sun when possible rather than using energy-gobbling clothes dryers; f) keep doors and windows closed when heating or cooling the house.
Sealing air leaks around the house saves energy usage and reduces the release of greenhouse gases. Doors that have gaps need to have weather stripping done. How does a person tell if there are leaks around windows and doors? The DOE suggests the following test be done on a windy day: a) hold a lighted incense stick or a smoke pen next to doors, windows, electrical outlets, ceiling fixtures, hatches in the attic; b) if the smoke from the incense stick moves horizontally, there it a strong chance air is leaking into the house. Caulking, sealing, or weatherstripping will be the appropriate fix for those leaks. Other measures that make sense include keeping the fireplace damper “tightly closed” when it is not being used, and be sure to check to see if the insulation in the house is adequate and protects against air leaks.
Outside the home there are ideas that can reduce electrical usage in the house. A “green” or “cool” roof is a good way to lower the temperature of the roof, and hence the house. Materials used in cool roofs “absorb less heat” and “reflects more sunlight” hence, the house is cooler in the summer months (DOE). Carefully positioned trees and shrubs can save “â€¦up to 25% of the energy a typical household uses” (DOE). Installing windows with the ENERGY STAR ( label means that window (with two panes of glass) will keep heat out in the summer and keep cold out in the winter.
Reducing Greenhouse Gases While Driving Vehicles
Green driving is another smart way to lessen one’s contribution to the greenhouse gases that are causing the planet to heat up. There are a number of Web sites that offer tips on what cars to buy, which ones get the best mileage, why electric cars are a good choice — but if a person does not have the resources to purchase a hybrid or electric car, there are strategies that can help even those owning gas-guzzling cars to reduce the carbon footprint. In the first place, stepping hard on the accelerator not only wastes gas and money, it leads to “drastically higher pollution rates,” according to greenercars.org.
Driving at lower speeds saves gas, and driving during slower traffic periods saves those stop-and-go and slow-and-go speeds that are the rule of thumb during rush hour. Greenercars.org recommends making several short trips in one combined trip. Why? Warmed-up engines generate less air pollution than starting a car up cold. Don’t carry heavy equipment or other weighty items in the car; according to greenercars.org, carrying around 100 extra pounds reduced the fuel economy by “about 1%” — and over time, that makes a difference. Before turning on the air conditioner — which operates on gasoline from your car’s tank — open windows and vents to cool the car’s interior off first. The fluids that are used in air conditioners are “environmentally damaging” and so using the air conditioner less is a savings in more than one aspect of the travel experience.
Tires should be kept at proper inflation levels; the information on what the proper amount of inflation should be is printed in the owner’s manual. When the tires are under-inflated, fuel economy suffers, greenercars.org explains. When buying new tires, it is recommended that drivers purchase “low-rolling-resistance (LRR) replacement tires; fuel economy can be lowered by up to 4% with LRR tires. Getting a tune-up can help increase fuel economy; that means replacing spark plugs, checking the alignment on wheels, and replacing the air filter when needed.
Some government agencies have recently been recommending that automobile drivers change their oil less frequently, in the sense that using less oil in this economy is a good thing. However, the rule of thumb is to change oil (unless it is synthetic oil) every 3,000 miles; the car or truck will last longer and replacing oil and oil filter “regularly will also help fuel economy” (greenercars.org).
Another very obvious alternative to driving a car to work is choosing to take the bus or the light rail to work. There are carpool programs set up in most big cities, which makes sense when 4 people are in one car vs. one person alone in four cars. Using alternative fuels like ethanol (providing you have the right vehicle) can save fuel, money, and produce less pollution.
The hybrid cars on the market represent an opportunity for the driver to save gas and money and pollution. But the best green cars — electric cars — are going to be the most practical and offer the most savings as far as the burning of fossil fuels. The DOE has a section called fueleconomy.gov that presents facts about electric cars. No tailpipe pollutants are spewed into the atmosphere by electric cars albeit the electricity that charges the batteries up certainly comes from a power plant that in many cases (fossil fuel-powered) produces greenhouse gases. The newest entry on the market is the Chevrolet VOLT, which uses a battery that gets approximately 35 miles on one charge; however, there is an onboard gas generator that actually produces electricity “so you can go up to a total of 375 miles on a full tank of gas” (Chevrolet). The mileage from a tank of gas combined with the batter boost is up to 95 MPH.
Spreading the Word About Global Warming
An article in TIME Magazine references polls that show only 30% of conservatives and Republicans believe the effects of global warming are “â€¦already being felt”; but 70% of liberals and Democrats acknowledge that global warming is being felt today. Why the huge disparity in viewpoints when the science has been empirically established for twenty years or more? Journalist Bryan Walsh references sociologists from Michigan State and Oklahoma State Universities (Riley Dunlap and Aaron McCright, respectively), who say there has been a “well-financed effort on the part of conservative groups and corporations to distort global-warming science” (Walsh, 2011). In the book written by Dunlap and McCright (the Oxford Handbook of Climate Change and Society) they assert that global climate change science has been “assaulted” by fossil-fuel corporations, conservative think tanks” for over twenty years.
Hence, in conclusion, one way to spread the word to consumers and citizens is to battle back against the propaganda that seeks to deny the truth about climate change. In addition, very simple changes in lifestyles (using CFLs, taking the bus, hanging clothes out to dry, keeping the car tuned up, and sealing up leaks and cracks around windows and doors) should be taught beginning in grammar school and in high school. If students’ parents are listening to Rush Limbaugh or Sean Hannity, and getting propaganda that denies climate change, that shouldn’t stop young people from following the easy strategies that can save energy and limit the release of greenhouse gases.
Chevrolet. (2012). Somebody Has to Be First. Chevrolet VOLT. Retrieved March 8, 2012, from http://www.chevrolet.com/volt-electric-car/.
Environmental Protection Agency. (2011). Frequently Asked Questions About Global Warming
And Climate Change: Back to Basics. Retrieved March 8, 2012, from http://www.epa.gov/climatechange.
Greenercars.org. (2010). Green Driving Tips. Retrieved March 9, 2012, from http://www.greenercars.org/drivingtips.htm.
Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. (2011). Human and Natural Drivers of Climate
Change. Retrieved March 9, 2012, from http://www.ipcc.ch/publications_and_data/ar4/wg1/en/spmsspm-human-and.html.
U.S. Department of Energy. (2009). Energy Savers: Tips on Saving Money & Energy at Home /
Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy. Retrieved March 9, 2012, from http://www.doe.gov.
U.S. Department of Energy. (2010). Electric Vehicles. Retrieved March 9, 2012, from http://www.fueleconomy.gov.
Walsh, Bryan. (2011). Who’s Bankrolling the Climate-Change Deniers? Time Magazine.
Retrieved March 8, 2012, from http://www.time.com.
Are you busy and do not have time to handle your assignment? Are you scared that your paper will not make the grade? Do you have responsibilities that may hinder you from turning in your assignment on time? Are you tired and can barely handle your assignment? Are your grades inconsistent?
Whichever your reason is, it is valid! You can get professional academic help from our service at affordable rates. We have a team of professional academic writers who can handle all your assignments.
Students barely have time to read. We got you! Have your literature essay or book review written without having the hassle of reading the book. You can get your literature paper custom-written for you by our literature specialists.
Do you struggle with finance? No need to torture yourself if finance is not your cup of tea. You can order your finance paper from our academic writing service and get 100% original work from competent finance experts.
While psychology may be an interesting subject, you may lack sufficient time to handle your assignments. Don’t despair; by using our academic writing service, you can be assured of perfect grades. Moreover, your grades will be consistent.
Engineering is quite a demanding subject. Students face a lot of pressure and barely have enough time to do what they love to do. Our academic writing service got you covered! Our engineering specialists follow the paper instructions and ensure timely delivery of the paper.
In the nursing course, you may have difficulties with literature reviews, annotated bibliographies, critical essays, and other assignments. Our nursing assignment writers will offer you professional nursing paper help at low prices.
Truth be told, sociology papers can be quite exhausting. Our academic writing service relieves you of fatigue, pressure, and stress. You can relax and have peace of mind as our academic writers handle your sociology assignment.
We take pride in having some of the best business writers in the industry. Our business writers have a lot of experience in the field. They are reliable, and you can be assured of a high-grade paper. They are able to handle business papers of any subject, length, deadline, and difficulty!
We boast of having some of the most experienced statistics experts in the industry. Our statistics experts have diverse skills, expertise, and knowledge to handle any kind of assignment. They have access to all kinds of software to get your assignment done.
Writing a law essay may prove to be an insurmountable obstacle, especially when you need to know the peculiarities of the legislative framework. Take advantage of our top-notch law specialists and get superb grades and 100% satisfaction.
We have highlighted some of the most popular subjects we handle above. Those are just a tip of the iceberg. We deal in all academic disciplines since our writers are as diverse. They have been drawn from across all disciplines, and orders are assigned to those writers believed to be the best in the field. In a nutshell, there is no task we cannot handle; all you need to do is place your order with us. As long as your instructions are clear, just trust we shall deliver irrespective of the discipline.
Our essay writers are graduates with bachelor's, masters, Ph.D., and doctorate degrees in various subjects. The minimum requirement to be an essay writer with our essay writing service is to have a college degree. All our academic writers have a minimum of two years of academic writing. We have a stringent recruitment process to ensure that we get only the most competent essay writers in the industry. We also ensure that the writers are handsomely compensated for their value. The majority of our writers are native English speakers. As such, the fluency of language and grammar is impeccable.
There is a very low likelihood that you won’t like the paper.
Not at all. All papers are written from scratch. There is no way your tutor or instructor will realize that you did not write the paper yourself. In fact, we recommend using our assignment help services for consistent results.
We check all papers for plagiarism before we submit them. We use powerful plagiarism checking software such as SafeAssign, LopesWrite, and Turnitin. We also upload the plagiarism report so that you can review it. We understand that plagiarism is academic suicide. We would not take the risk of submitting plagiarized work and jeopardize your academic journey. Furthermore, we do not sell or use prewritten papers, and each paper is written from scratch.
You determine when you get the paper by setting the deadline when placing the order. All papers are delivered within the deadline. We are well aware that we operate in a time-sensitive industry. As such, we have laid out strategies to ensure that the client receives the paper on time and they never miss the deadline. We understand that papers that are submitted late have some points deducted. We do not want you to miss any points due to late submission. We work on beating deadlines by huge margins in order to ensure that you have ample time to review the paper before you submit it.
We have a privacy and confidentiality policy that guides our work. We NEVER share any customer information with third parties. Noone will ever know that you used our assignment help services. It’s only between you and us. We are bound by our policies to protect the customer’s identity and information. All your information, such as your names, phone number, email, order information, and so on, are protected. We have robust security systems that ensure that your data is protected. Hacking our systems is close to impossible, and it has never happened.
You fill all the paper instructions in the order form. Make sure you include all the helpful materials so that our academic writers can deliver the perfect paper. It will also help to eliminate unnecessary revisions.
Proceed to pay for the paper so that it can be assigned to one of our expert academic writers. The paper subject is matched with the writer’s area of specialization.
You communicate with the writer and know about the progress of the paper. The client can ask the writer for drafts of the paper. The client can upload extra material and include additional instructions from the lecturer. Receive a paper.
The paper is sent to your email and uploaded to your personal account. You also get a plagiarism report attached to your paper.
Delivering a high-quality product at a reasonable price is not enough anymore.
That’s why we have developed 5 beneficial guarantees that will make your experience with our service enjoyable, easy, and safe.
You have to be 100% sure of the quality of your product to give a money-back guarantee. This describes us perfectly. Make sure that this guarantee is totally transparent.Read more
Each paper is composed from scratch, according to your instructions. It is then checked by our plagiarism-detection software. There is no gap where plagiarism could squeeze in.Read more
Thanks to our free revisions, there is no way for you to be unsatisfied. We will work on your paper until you are completely happy with the result.Read more
Your email is safe, as we store it according to international data protection rules. Your bank details are secure, as we use only reliable payment systems.Read more
By sending us your money, you buy the service we provide. Check out our terms and conditions if you prefer business talks to be laid out in official language.Read more