Slang and Grammar
Slang is the use of words in a non-standard way of a particular social group and sometimes the creation of new words or importation of words from another language (Slang pp). The use of slang is a way to recognize members of a group and to distinguish that group from the rest of society (Slang pp).
Slang adds new words and meanings to a language and also produces new grammatical relationships among words (Grammar pp).
Language is the systematic communication by vocal symbols that is a universal characteristic of the human species, and although nothing is known of its origin, scientists have identified a gene that contributes to the ability to use language (Language pp). Language is a cultural system and thus, individual language my classify objects and ideas in different fashion, such as the sex or age of the speaker may determine the use of grammatical forms or the avoidance of taboo words (Language pp). Also, terms of address may vary depending on the age, sex and status of the speaker and audience (Language pp). Each person belongs to a speech community, a group of people who speak the same language, and according to estimates, there are between 3,000 and 6,500 speech communities in existence (Language pp).
Grammar is the description of the structure of language, consisting of the sounds and their meaningful combinations of sounds into words, called morphemes, that are arranged into phrases and sentences, called syntax (Grammar pp). Semantics is the study of the relationship between words and meanings and has three basic concerns: “the relations of words to the objects denoted by them, the relations of words to the interpreters of them, and, in symbolic logic, the formal relations of signs to one another” (Semantics pp).
The main distinction of slang is the presence of new words and new uses of old words (Grammar pp). Some new words and some old words with new meanings do not behave like any of the parts of speech concerning ordinary grammar (Grammar pp).
The word “like” presents the most complex picture regarding slang grammar because it is the one with the most slang uses (Grammar pp). Originally from the 1950’s era of the beatniks, its use declined and then resurfaced with new life by the “valley girls” and has continued to flourish (Grammar pp). Its most common use today is as a “filler,” a word added to a sentence without affecting its meaning, such as “she like slapped me,” or “it’s like around the corner,” or “it’s like huge” (Grammar pp).
Grammatically, the word “like” modifies a verb in a noun, an adjective, the whole sentence and a prepositional phrase; and is also an adverb in an adjective, a secondary modifier, a sentence modifier, and a phrase modifier (Grammar pp).
Like” is an intensifier and functions as a secondary modifier much the same way as “very,” such as, “I was like stoked,” yet in “It was like the bomb,” it also intensifies but does so as an adjective (Grammar pp). “Like” can also be inserted to soften the tone, as in “Can you like lend me your car,” which grammatically modifies a verb, or it can mean “approximately,” as in “They cost like ten dollar,” which grammatically modifies the noun (Grammar pp). When used as an adjective, as in “She bought like a van,” it could mean that she bought something that was not exactly a van but resembled a van (Grammar pp). When used as an adverb, as in “He like punched me,” could mean he almost punched me or did something similar (Grammar pp). Therefore, “like” cannot function as an adjective or adverb in standard or even informal English, thus, in these instances, it is being used with its normal meaning, but with “slang grammar” (Grammar pp). Moreover, one sentence can also be two grammatically different sentences with the same meaning by overlapping standard and slang usage that makes it impossible to distinguish them in certain cases (Grammar pp). For example, the “like” in “She bought like a van,” is an adjective, but in “This is like a van,” although the intended meaning is that is resembles a van, the grammar remains uncertain, it could be standard grammar, with “like” as a preposition or it could be slang grammar with “like” as an adjective the same as in “She bought like a van” (Grammar pp).
The introductory “like” is placed before a sentence, such as “Like, how are you,” “Like, sit down,” or ‘Like, it’s cold in here,” and then there is the introductory “it’s like” such as “It’s like, she should mind her own business” (Grammar pp). The introductory “like” is generally a filler and does not affect the meaning, while the introductory “it’s like” is usually an intensifier and gives emphasis to the sentence (Grammar pp).
Slang is also used in present for past, as in “I’m at the mall, and I see this cool shirt, and I buy it,” here, present-tense verbs are being used with past-tense meaning (Grammar pp).
Another filler word is “stuff,” as in “They sell hot dogs and stuff,” or “They dance and stuff” (Grammar pp). Almost any kind or word or phrase can be followed by “and stuff,” which can mean “and so on” or it can mean nothing at all (Grammar pp). The word “whatever” is used in similar ways, such as “or whatever” replacing “and stuff” or someone may say “I’ll eat whatever” (Grammar pp). A slot has been created that need to be filled by a noun or by some other kind of word, so often it is filled with “stuff” or “whatever,” thereby making the sentence grammatically complete without using any particular idea to fill the slot (Grammar pp). “Whatever” also serves as a one-word reply to anything, such as “Whatever!” (Grammar pp). Other reply words include, “No way, Gross, Dude, Totally, *****in, Awesome, Way, Sweet, Tits, for sure, Fine, and Yeah-right” (Grammar pp).
Hella” as in “a hella good time” is presumably a shortening of “hell of a,” but it is also used predicatively, as in “Their house is hella big” (Grammar pp). This is not a new part of speech, but rather is still a secondary modifier and acts as an example of how grammatical evolution occurs as part of slang (Grammar pp).
Tits,” even in its literal meaning, boobs, is considered slang, however, lately it has been used as another synonym for “good,” along with “awesome, wicked, cool, etc., such as in “This lunchbox is so tits” (Grammar pp). It can be a one-word reply expressing approval or satisfaction, yet, even when used in a complete sentence, it is an adjective in a new sense, while in its literal sense it is a noun (Grammar pp).
The word “rule” is also a verb meaning to be excellent or superior, as in “That TV show rules” (Grammar pp). The literal meaning of the word in not involved, just as with the word “rock” as in “That class rocks” has no reference to rock music (Grammar pp). These words are equivalent to the verb “to be” plus an adjective (Grammar pp). “Kick” as in ‘kicks ass” means the same thing as rocks and rules, however, “suck” is in effect the opposite of “kick” when used in the same way, such as “His car sucks” (Grammar pp). “Majorly” is a recently coined adverb form of “major” and is used as another intensifier, like ‘very’ but with a full range of modifying functions, and most commonly it modifies a verb, as in “I majorly screwed up that homework” (Grammar pp).
The purpose of language is communication, and thus, the rules of English or any language is in constant change (Grammar pp). Slang unites particular groups of people, and certain slang terms may be transient or they may last through generations and become part of the common language (Grammar pp).
The Grammar of Slang.” http://fruitbowl.spcomplete.com/SlangGrammar.html
Semantics.” The Columbia Encyclopedia, Sixth Edition; 2/24/2005; pp.
Language.” The Columbia Encyclopedia, Sixth Edition; 2/24/2005; pp.
Grammar.” The Columbia Encyclopedia, Sixth Edition; 2/24/2005; pp.
Are you busy and do not have time to handle your assignment? Are you scared that your paper will not make the grade? Do you have responsibilities that may hinder you from turning in your assignment on time? Are you tired and can barely handle your assignment? Are your grades inconsistent?
Whichever your reason is, it is valid! You can get professional academic help from our service at affordable rates. We have a team of professional academic writers who can handle all your assignments.
Students barely have time to read. We got you! Have your literature essay or book review written without having the hassle of reading the book. You can get your literature paper custom-written for you by our literature specialists.
Do you struggle with finance? No need to torture yourself if finance is not your cup of tea. You can order your finance paper from our academic writing service and get 100% original work from competent finance experts.
While psychology may be an interesting subject, you may lack sufficient time to handle your assignments. Don’t despair; by using our academic writing service, you can be assured of perfect grades. Moreover, your grades will be consistent.
Engineering is quite a demanding subject. Students face a lot of pressure and barely have enough time to do what they love to do. Our academic writing service got you covered! Our engineering specialists follow the paper instructions and ensure timely delivery of the paper.
In the nursing course, you may have difficulties with literature reviews, annotated bibliographies, critical essays, and other assignments. Our nursing assignment writers will offer you professional nursing paper help at low prices.
Truth be told, sociology papers can be quite exhausting. Our academic writing service relieves you of fatigue, pressure, and stress. You can relax and have peace of mind as our academic writers handle your sociology assignment.
We take pride in having some of the best business writers in the industry. Our business writers have a lot of experience in the field. They are reliable, and you can be assured of a high-grade paper. They are able to handle business papers of any subject, length, deadline, and difficulty!
We boast of having some of the most experienced statistics experts in the industry. Our statistics experts have diverse skills, expertise, and knowledge to handle any kind of assignment. They have access to all kinds of software to get your assignment done.
Writing a law essay may prove to be an insurmountable obstacle, especially when you need to know the peculiarities of the legislative framework. Take advantage of our top-notch law specialists and get superb grades and 100% satisfaction.
We have highlighted some of the most popular subjects we handle above. Those are just a tip of the iceberg. We deal in all academic disciplines since our writers are as diverse. They have been drawn from across all disciplines, and orders are assigned to those writers believed to be the best in the field. In a nutshell, there is no task we cannot handle; all you need to do is place your order with us. As long as your instructions are clear, just trust we shall deliver irrespective of the discipline.
Our essay writers are graduates with bachelor's, masters, Ph.D., and doctorate degrees in various subjects. The minimum requirement to be an essay writer with our essay writing service is to have a college degree. All our academic writers have a minimum of two years of academic writing. We have a stringent recruitment process to ensure that we get only the most competent essay writers in the industry. We also ensure that the writers are handsomely compensated for their value. The majority of our writers are native English speakers. As such, the fluency of language and grammar is impeccable.
There is a very low likelihood that you won’t like the paper.
Not at all. All papers are written from scratch. There is no way your tutor or instructor will realize that you did not write the paper yourself. In fact, we recommend using our assignment help services for consistent results.
We check all papers for plagiarism before we submit them. We use powerful plagiarism checking software such as SafeAssign, LopesWrite, and Turnitin. We also upload the plagiarism report so that you can review it. We understand that plagiarism is academic suicide. We would not take the risk of submitting plagiarized work and jeopardize your academic journey. Furthermore, we do not sell or use prewritten papers, and each paper is written from scratch.
You determine when you get the paper by setting the deadline when placing the order. All papers are delivered within the deadline. We are well aware that we operate in a time-sensitive industry. As such, we have laid out strategies to ensure that the client receives the paper on time and they never miss the deadline. We understand that papers that are submitted late have some points deducted. We do not want you to miss any points due to late submission. We work on beating deadlines by huge margins in order to ensure that you have ample time to review the paper before you submit it.
We have a privacy and confidentiality policy that guides our work. We NEVER share any customer information with third parties. Noone will ever know that you used our assignment help services. It’s only between you and us. We are bound by our policies to protect the customer’s identity and information. All your information, such as your names, phone number, email, order information, and so on, are protected. We have robust security systems that ensure that your data is protected. Hacking our systems is close to impossible, and it has never happened.
You fill all the paper instructions in the order form. Make sure you include all the helpful materials so that our academic writers can deliver the perfect paper. It will also help to eliminate unnecessary revisions.
Proceed to pay for the paper so that it can be assigned to one of our expert academic writers. The paper subject is matched with the writer’s area of specialization.
You communicate with the writer and know about the progress of the paper. The client can ask the writer for drafts of the paper. The client can upload extra material and include additional instructions from the lecturer. Receive a paper.
The paper is sent to your email and uploaded to your personal account. You also get a plagiarism report attached to your paper.
Delivering a high-quality product at a reasonable price is not enough anymore.
That’s why we have developed 5 beneficial guarantees that will make your experience with our service enjoyable, easy, and safe.
You have to be 100% sure of the quality of your product to give a money-back guarantee. This describes us perfectly. Make sure that this guarantee is totally transparent.Read more
Each paper is composed from scratch, according to your instructions. It is then checked by our plagiarism-detection software. There is no gap where plagiarism could squeeze in.Read more
Thanks to our free revisions, there is no way for you to be unsatisfied. We will work on your paper until you are completely happy with the result.Read more
Your email is safe, as we store it according to international data protection rules. Your bank details are secure, as we use only reliable payment systems.Read more
By sending us your money, you buy the service we provide. Check out our terms and conditions if you prefer business talks to be laid out in official language.Read more