minimum sources… research 1920 sport write … A thesis, attention catcher, topic sentence?
Nationalism: What were its effects in the 20th century?
Nationalism is characterized by a belief in the uniqueness and integrity of one’s nation and culture. It is a form of ‘national pride,’ which, if taken to an extreme, can result in the sentiment that one’s own nation is ‘better’ than other nations. Over the course of the 19th century, a number of the relatively loose confederacies of states in Italy and Prussia were consolidated to become distinct, unified nations. “Nationalism taught that people were defined by their membership in a nation and that nation deserved their loyalty” (Shubert & Goldstein 2012: 1.3). Nationalism did not replace the old ties to religion, clans, and professions that had existed previously, rather it intensified them. During World War I, nationalism was a critical component in how Germany enforced authority over nations under its control, such as demanding all classes for children be held in German (Shubert & Goldstein 2012: 2.6).
The Versailles Treaty placed blame squarely upon Germany for the start of the war. As a result, Germans suffered from hyperinflation and the crippling war reparations demanded by the Allies. Germans began to feel anger and rage against the European powers that had taken away what they saw as their rightful, powerful place in Europe. By ignoring the dictates of Versailles and re-arming Germany, Adolph Hitler’s National Socialists gained support and political prominence. The nationalism of the Axis powers of Germany, Italy and Japan were characterized by a strong sense of superiority over other peoples in a racially-coded manner. Hitler viewed his conquest over Europe as ‘liberation’ of Aryan peoples, and a reflection of his determination to exterminate so-called inferior races. Expansionist, aggressive policies over ‘inferior’ persons were also characteristic of Mussolini’s Italy and Tojo’s Japan. Nationalism was used to justify militarization and political oppression of ‘state enemies’ (such as Jews and communists) and of a repressive domestic governing regime. If ‘enemies’ were everywhere, only through total control of the political system could the nation be spared, according to the Axis powers’ nationalist rationales.
Amongst the Allied powers, there was a profound sense of pessimism about the future of Europe, and as a counterweight to the extreme nationalism of the fascists, the internationalism of communism and advocates of a unified European state held sway. At the end of World War I, a number of new nations had been created from the map formerly dominated by the European colonial powers, but nations such as Czechoslovakia and Poland were subsumed into the far-reaching Nazi Empire during World War II. This created a stronger sense of nationhood amongst many residents of Eastern Europe. In other occupied territories in the West such as Denmark, there was likewise a strong, nationalist resistance to domination by the Nazi powers. Nationalism mobilized people to resist rather than endorse tyranny.
Since the end of World War II, nationalism has been a double-edged sword in terms of promoting democracy and peace. It had undeniable power in spurring people to resist Russian domination of Eastern Europe and the non-Russian Soviet Republics. But nationalism has also been used to justify genocides and ethnic cleansing in Bosnia, Croatia, and Cambodia. Furthermore, there is a great deal that is problematic about nationalism in terms of promoting peace and regional security. The European powers were forced to give up some of their nationalist ideals when they formed the EU, which created a common market with a common currency. Difficulties amongst member countries have reinvigorated old cultural divides characterized by nationalist ideologies even in the 21st centuries, although these disputes are economic rather than political and territorial.
Shubert, Adrian & Goldstein, Robin Justin. (2012). Twentieth-Century Europe. San Diego, CA:
Bridgepoint Education, Inc.
Are you busy and do not have time to handle your assignment? Are you scared that your paper will not make the grade? Do you have responsibilities that may hinder you from turning in your assignment on time? Are you tired and can barely handle your assignment? Are your grades inconsistent?
Whichever your reason is, it is valid! You can get professional academic help from our service at affordable rates. We have a team of professional academic writers who can handle all your assignments.
Students barely have time to read. We got you! Have your literature essay or book review written without having the hassle of reading the book. You can get your literature paper custom-written for you by our literature specialists.
Do you struggle with finance? No need to torture yourself if finance is not your cup of tea. You can order your finance paper from our academic writing service and get 100% original work from competent finance experts.
While psychology may be an interesting subject, you may lack sufficient time to handle your assignments. Don’t despair; by using our academic writing service, you can be assured of perfect grades. Moreover, your grades will be consistent.
Engineering is quite a demanding subject. Students face a lot of pressure and barely have enough time to do what they love to do. Our academic writing service got you covered! Our engineering specialists follow the paper instructions and ensure timely delivery of the paper.
In the nursing course, you may have difficulties with literature reviews, annotated bibliographies, critical essays, and other assignments. Our nursing assignment writers will offer you professional nursing paper help at low prices.
Truth be told, sociology papers can be quite exhausting. Our academic writing service relieves you of fatigue, pressure, and stress. You can relax and have peace of mind as our academic writers handle your sociology assignment.
We take pride in having some of the best business writers in the industry. Our business writers have a lot of experience in the field. They are reliable, and you can be assured of a high-grade paper. They are able to handle business papers of any subject, length, deadline, and difficulty!
We boast of having some of the most experienced statistics experts in the industry. Our statistics experts have diverse skills, expertise, and knowledge to handle any kind of assignment. They have access to all kinds of software to get your assignment done.
Writing a law essay may prove to be an insurmountable obstacle, especially when you need to know the peculiarities of the legislative framework. Take advantage of our top-notch law specialists and get superb grades and 100% satisfaction.
We have highlighted some of the most popular subjects we handle above. Those are just a tip of the iceberg. We deal in all academic disciplines since our writers are as diverse. They have been drawn from across all disciplines, and orders are assigned to those writers believed to be the best in the field. In a nutshell, there is no task we cannot handle; all you need to do is place your order with us. As long as your instructions are clear, just trust we shall deliver irrespective of the discipline.
Our essay writers are graduates with bachelor's, masters, Ph.D., and doctorate degrees in various subjects. The minimum requirement to be an essay writer with our essay writing service is to have a college degree. All our academic writers have a minimum of two years of academic writing. We have a stringent recruitment process to ensure that we get only the most competent essay writers in the industry. We also ensure that the writers are handsomely compensated for their value. The majority of our writers are native English speakers. As such, the fluency of language and grammar is impeccable.
There is a very low likelihood that you won’t like the paper.
Not at all. All papers are written from scratch. There is no way your tutor or instructor will realize that you did not write the paper yourself. In fact, we recommend using our assignment help services for consistent results.
We check all papers for plagiarism before we submit them. We use powerful plagiarism checking software such as SafeAssign, LopesWrite, and Turnitin. We also upload the plagiarism report so that you can review it. We understand that plagiarism is academic suicide. We would not take the risk of submitting plagiarized work and jeopardize your academic journey. Furthermore, we do not sell or use prewritten papers, and each paper is written from scratch.
You determine when you get the paper by setting the deadline when placing the order. All papers are delivered within the deadline. We are well aware that we operate in a time-sensitive industry. As such, we have laid out strategies to ensure that the client receives the paper on time and they never miss the deadline. We understand that papers that are submitted late have some points deducted. We do not want you to miss any points due to late submission. We work on beating deadlines by huge margins in order to ensure that you have ample time to review the paper before you submit it.
We have a privacy and confidentiality policy that guides our work. We NEVER share any customer information with third parties. Noone will ever know that you used our assignment help services. It’s only between you and us. We are bound by our policies to protect the customer’s identity and information. All your information, such as your names, phone number, email, order information, and so on, are protected. We have robust security systems that ensure that your data is protected. Hacking our systems is close to impossible, and it has never happened.
You fill all the paper instructions in the order form. Make sure you include all the helpful materials so that our academic writers can deliver the perfect paper. It will also help to eliminate unnecessary revisions.
Proceed to pay for the paper so that it can be assigned to one of our expert academic writers. The paper subject is matched with the writer’s area of specialization.
You communicate with the writer and know about the progress of the paper. The client can ask the writer for drafts of the paper. The client can upload extra material and include additional instructions from the lecturer. Receive a paper.
The paper is sent to your email and uploaded to your personal account. You also get a plagiarism report attached to your paper.
Delivering a high-quality product at a reasonable price is not enough anymore.
That’s why we have developed 5 beneficial guarantees that will make your experience with our service enjoyable, easy, and safe.
You have to be 100% sure of the quality of your product to give a money-back guarantee. This describes us perfectly. Make sure that this guarantee is totally transparent.Read more
Each paper is composed from scratch, according to your instructions. It is then checked by our plagiarism-detection software. There is no gap where plagiarism could squeeze in.Read more
Thanks to our free revisions, there is no way for you to be unsatisfied. We will work on your paper until you are completely happy with the result.Read more
Your email is safe, as we store it according to international data protection rules. Your bank details are secure, as we use only reliable payment systems.Read more
By sending us your money, you buy the service we provide. Check out our terms and conditions if you prefer business talks to be laid out in official language.Read more